The 38th assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) concluded in Montreal on October 4, 2013 after an agreement among member states endorsing the development of a global market-based measure (MBM) for carbon-neutral growth of international aviation from 2020.
The ICAO member states agreed to report back in 2016 with a proposal for a global MBM plan for implementation by 2020.
However, this is just the beginning and significant work lies ahead to address the challenges and to accommodate specific concerns of developing countries toward any binding global carbon emissions control regime for airlines.
The ICAO agreement will lead to discussions for the detailed design elements of a global MBM, including standards for monitoring, reporting and verification of emissions and the type of plan to be implemented.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA), the premier global body representing airlines, has welcomed the ICAO agreement.
ICAO’s 191 member states include Germany, the United States, China, France, Canada, the United Kingdom and Russia in addition to the countries of the fast-growing Gulf airlines (Emirates, Etihad and Qatar) and many developing nations.
The organization was founded in 1944 as an agency of the United Nations to set standards for civil aviation.